A short lesson on bicycles and cycling from the early days to the present day

The bicycle is one of the inventions of mankind that has radically changed the world. A bicycle is a light, easy-to-use and environmentally friendly means of transportation that is still popular and is constantly increasing in popularity around the world. In this article, we talk about the history and evolution of bicycles up to the present day.

old bike

History of the bicycle

The invention of the bicycle is traditionally tied to a French engineer named Pierre Michaux. Michaux was a carpenter who started making wheels in the 1860s. Michaux's bicycles were called "velocipede", which means fast foot.

Michaux's velocipedes were made of wood and operated with two wheels. Foot pedals were attached to the wheels, which rotated around the axles. Michaux's velocipedes were unstable and dangerous to ride, requiring very good balance.

At the end of the 19th century, the popularity of the bicycle grew rapidly around the world, and several manufacturers began to produce bicycles. In 1888, John Boyd Dunlop developed the first pneumatic bicycle tire, which increased the performance and comfort of bicycles.

At the beginning of the 20th century, the design of bicycles changed radically, when chains began to replace the direct drive system of the bicycle. This change allowed for more power and speed, and the performance of the bikes was greatly increased. In 1937, England's Graham Obree was the first driver to develop a time trial position used during cycling time trials, which reduced air resistance and improved cyclists' performance.

The evolution of the bicycle

The evolution of bicycles has been constant, and new features and technologies have come in huge numbers over the years. The biggest development trend started in the 1950s, when mountain bikes started to become popular. The development of mountain bikes has indeed been one of the most significant trendsetters in the history of bicycles, and technologies and trends are also taken from it for other subcategories of cycling and bicycles. Mountain bikes have continued to be developed, and today they are very durable and versatile means of transportation. The first mountain bikes were made in the USA. The larger tires and suspension system of these bikes made it possible to ride off-road and on challenging terrain.

In the 1970s, bicycle design changed again when new materials such as carbon fiber and aluminum entered the market. These materials were lighter and more durable than traditional materials such as steel. This made it possible to manufacture wheels that were even lighter and more durable.

Another significant development step was the electrification of bicycles. The first electrically assisted bicycles came on the market in the 1990s, but they were still relatively rare. Today, electric bicycles are used more and more in different parts of the world. Today, the manufacture of e-bikes is a large industry. With the help of electric bikes, cycling is easier and more accessible for those who need help while cycling.

In the 20th century, the popularity of bicycles grew exponentially. Bicycles were easy to use, cheap and fast. They were especially popular in cities where distances were short and traffic was congested.

The evolution of the bike

The development of scooters has also been strongly linked to sports and competition. Cycling races have been popular for a long time and are still one of the biggest sports in the world. Race bikes are light and aerodynamic, designed to maximize speed and efficiency.

The development of cycling has also greatly influenced transport infrastructure around the world. Bicycle paths have been built in cities, and in many countries, specific trends have formed around cycling culture, and cycling is indeed part of the lifestyle for many. Cycling is an increasingly popular way to get around, especially in cities where they want to reduce car traffic and build a more sustainable environmental policy.

Cycling today

Today, a bicycle is a big investment for many people, and there are many different types of bikes on the market designed to meet different needs and uses. Mountain bikes, road bikes, city bikes, electric bikes and touring bikes are just a few examples of bike types.

Mountain bikes are designed for off-road riding and usually have larger tires and a suspension system to help balance the bike while riding. Road bikes are lighter and more aerodynamic, designed for fast and efficient riding.

City bikes are designed for urban use and often have practical features such as luggage racks and mudguards. E-bikes are becoming more and more popular and are an excellent option for those who want to cycle longer distances or need assistance while cycling.

Touring bikes are designed for long trips and are usually equipped with luggage racks and bag racks so that luggage can be easily transported.

Bicycle technology and design are constantly evolving, and new innovations are coming to the market all the time. For example, 3D printing has made it possible to design and manufacture complex and unique parts, allowing for even better bike designs. In addition, the materials of the wheels have developed, and today wheels are made of light and durable materials, such as carbon fiber and aluminum. These materials improve the performance and durability of the wheels.

The future of cycling

The future of the bicycle looks promising. Cycling is an increasingly popular way to get around, and new innovations and technologies are constantly being developed. Electric bicycles are becoming more and more common, and their technology is constantly evolving.

In addition, in the design and manufacture of bicycles, there is an increasing focus on durability and environmental friendliness. Many bikes today are made from recycled materials, and their production processes are even more environmentally friendly.

The history and evolution of the bicycle has been remarkable and has influenced the development of mankind in many ways. The bicycle is still a popular means of transportation around the world, and its future looks promising. Promoting and developing cycling is important to achieve a more sustainable future.

The future of cycling


The bicycle has been around for over 200 years, and its history is interesting and diverse. Cycling has influenced the development of mankind in many ways and is still an important part of today's society.

Today, a bicycle is an important means of transportation for many people, which promotes more sustainable movement and a healthy lifestyle. Bicycle technology and design have evolved significantly since its early days, and the bicycle has adapted to suit different uses and purposes.

Cycling is also a popular sport that offers many health benefits such as better cardiovascular fitness, better endurance and a stronger body. Cycling is also a popular leisure activity that allows people to enjoy nature and exercise outdoors.

Today, cycling is also an important part of urban planning, and many cities around the world strive to promote sustainable mobility by providing bike lanes, bike parking areas and other cycling-related services.

Fixed bike